cated to having and rearing an additional child, a decision improved opportunities for remunerative child labor. The cl plies a higher real income, and the effect of income upon the satisfactions that parents derive from children would depe children are a "superior good" and, if so, on the income e demand for children.
Stated in this way, the interactions under consideration v have disquieting implications. In the past, the settlement o productive agricultural land in the Americas and Oceania, reduction in the cost of overseas transportation, accounted i the cheaper and vastly increased supply of food, especially c teenth century. The associated high rate of population growi peans and people of European origin should be kept in mind ( juncture in economic history during which a vast increase in of other crops can occur in the long settled, highly popula countries. Will there be an analogous growth in the popu substantially a consequence of more plentiful and cheaper indeed one of the major unsettled questions of contemporary
CONCLUSIONS WITH QUALIFICATIONS
The food-supply-population quandary is rooted in a comp lems, many of which are beyond the reaches of our analytic; knowledge that we now have. I have used food grains in 1 countries as a proxy for the food supply in these countries, simplification, for an all-inclusive concept would include crops, vegetables, fruits, feed to produce animal products, fis
*Wyon has kindly made available to me a preliminary draft of ( forthcoming book (68). The demographic data for the Khanna Vill India, show a marked rise since 1966 in the population growth tha consequence of some in-migration and of a rise in the birth rate. 1 population growth seems to be strongly associated with the recent modernization in the village. (See figures 118 and 119 in the book.) V births reflects a permanent increase in the completed size of families tl have or a temporary consequence of change in the age composition due to youthfulness of in-migrants cannot be ascertained as yet.
I quote the following with permission:
The decade ending with the wheat crop of 1969 witnessed a agricultural method and an enlarged gross community product. 1 society involved in agriculture had strengthened their position, wh others were losing place in the village economy. For farm workei well as employed, this was a new way of life, with long hours of w to learn. Education was recognized as an increasingly valuable asset, for boys. The age of women at marriage advanced well beyond the 1959.. .. New investments directed to the land, (fertilizer, high yie fied irrieation and mechanically aided cultivation") were vieldint! mo